Yoram Yasur Abt : The intestinal flora plays a more important role in our bodies, and there are even many specialists who point out that it is practically an extension of our brains in that it is capable of regulating an impressively diverse amount of the factors of our body. Yoram Yasur Abt: “The intestinal flora has become such an important area for medicine that even controversial fecal transplants have developed, where doctors pass bacteria from a healthy person to a person who has a problem trying to make the symptoms disappear or treat the basis of a disease”.
What is the intestinal flora and how does it affect us?
Yoram Yasur Abt : T In medicine it is called microbiota or microbiome to the community of bacteria or fungi that live in our stomach or in our intestines which is also known as intestinal flora, which is theoretically responsible for a variety of bodily aspects.
Yoram Yasur Abt: “The microbiota is responsible, for example, for our behavior, since the way it is shaped affects the brain’s chemical reactions that can make us more anxious, tolerant, cheerful, sad, funny or bored”. There are also several studies that have linked the microbiota to chronic depression, since a poor composition of bacteria is capable of generating the absence in the brain of hormones as important as serotonin or dopamine.
Yoram Yasur Abt: “There are also other studies that have related the microbiota to Parkinson’s disease and even other neurodegenerative diseases, while many treatments on the intestinal microbiota are intended to respond to some pathologies of the autistic spectrum”.
Yoram Yasur Abt : The human intestine also has millions of neurons that transmit information about the bacterial flora to the brain. The transmission of this information and the effects it produces should be further analyzed by science in depth, while various studies are being carried out but especially with test animals, such as laboratory mice.
The intestinal flora could also be responsible for regulating our metabolisms, in the words of several investigations, thus favoring the appearance of obesity or extreme thinness beyond the eating habits of people, which can also be seen affected by the hormones generated by the microbiota causing the person to have more or less hunger or anxiety that leads to the desire to eat.
Yoram Yasur Abt : Faced with this issue is that many famous companies have launched to the market products with probiotics intended to treat slow traffic or promote weight loss, although the scientific community has some objections to those promises.
Studies in mice have shown that treatments on the bacterial flora of the gut can make them feel less or more fearful, less or more anxious, and even give them more or less energy. Also in these studies on mice have found some relationships between the microbiota and what is our memory, although this aspect must be explored much more thoroughly.
Beyond saying that in the intestine we have a second brain is a bit exaggerated, no doubt that the bacterial composition of the microbiota can affect us in many ways, ranging from our health, our behavior and even our feelings.
If in fact the microbiota is responsible for diseases such as Parkinson’s or may be the key to treat some types of autism, in addition to regulating aspects such as obesity, depression, the appearance of anxiety or the functioning of our memories, is without doubt one of the keys that the medicine of the future should have in mind when it comes to finding answers to human problems.
Will the intestinal flora in the future be the answer to many of the diseases that currently concern millions of humans on the planet? Do you think the high expectations are justified by the discoveries made so far?